A mark of “W” or any grade of “C,” “F” or “NC” are considered deficient grades and must be repeated. A course may be repeated only one time to replace the deficient grade and fulfill degree or certificate requirements. Failure to successfully complete the course on the second attempt will result in dismissal according to MSP’s Academic Standing policy. Both the original and the repeated course grade will appear on the transcript; only the repeated course grade is used in calculating the overall GPA. Students may not repeat courses that count towards degree or certificate requirements in an attempt to improve the cumulative GPA or course grade.